Dissolved organic matter in agricultural soils
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Department of Soil Science Erosion and Land Protection, Institute of Soil Science and Plant Cultivation - State Research Institute, Polska
Bożena Smreczak   

Department of Soil science Erosion and Land Protection, Institute of Soil Science and Plant Cultivation - State Research Institute, Czartoryskich 8, 24-100, Puławy, Polska
Submission date: 2020-07-27
Final revision date: 2020-10-29
Acceptance date: 2021-01-07
Online publication date: 2021-02-19
Publication date: 2021-02-19
The aim of the paper is to provide an overview of current knowledge on origin, structure, chemical composition, and factors influencing DOM cycling in agricultural soils as well as its role in the functioning of agroecosystems. Dissolved organic matter (DOM) is considered as one of the most sensitive indicators of changes overlapping in the soil environment. It is the most mobile and active soil component serving as an easily available source of nutrients and energy for microbes and other living organisms It participates in the soil-forming processes, transports nutrients and pollutants into deeper soil horizons, and actively supports processes of soil structure formation. DOM transformation in agroecosystems is impacted by many chemical, physical, and biological factors and modified by climatic conditions and agricultural activities therefore the quantity and quality of DOM are very difficult to predict and control. Although, the role and the fluxes of DOM have been widely investigated in previous decades, the research interest was focused mainly on forest soils and water reservoirs while less attention was paid to soils of agricultural usage. New challenges facing agriculture related to the protection of soil functions influencing ecosystem services, mitigation of climate changes, and sequestration of organic carbon indicate on DOM as a potential factor enabling to reach these goals.
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