Physical, water and redox properties of vertisols of the Sępopol Plain in north-eastern Poland
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Wydział Kształtowania Środowiska i Rolnictwa, Katedra Gleboznawstwa i Rekultywacji Gruntów, Uniwersytet Warmińsko-Mazurski w Olsztynie, Katedra Gleboznawstwa i Rekultywacji Gruntów, Pl. Łódzki 3, pok. 105, 10-727 Olsztyn, Polska
Mirosław Orzechowski   

Wydział Kształtowania Środowiska i Rolnictwa, Katedra Gleboznawstwa i Rekultywacji Gruntów, Uniwersytet Warmińsko-Mazurski w Olsztynie, Katedra Gleboznawstwa i Rekultywacji Gruntów, Pl. Łódzki 3, pok. 105, 10-727 Olsztyn, Pl. Łódzki 3, 10-727, Olsztyn, Polska
Submission date: 2020-03-25
Acceptance date: 2020-06-23
Online publication date: 2020-09-09
Publication date: 2020-09-09
Soil Sci. Ann., 2020, 71(3), 185–193
Abstract: Vertisols occurring in the Sępopol Plain in north-eastern Poland are characterized by high natural fertility. They belong to the group of soils with high clay content, which show the ability of periodic shrinking and swelling of clay minerals. As a result of variable moisture conditions, deep cracks and sliding surfaces are formed on the surface of the soil aggregates. The purpose of this research was to determine the chemical, physical, air-water and redox properties of vertisols developed from glaciolimnic sediments of the Weichselian glaciation, and having textures of clay (C), loam (L) and heavy clay (HC). The studied soils had high field water capacity (pF 2.0) and high content of water unavailable to plants (pF 4.2), as well as low volume of air pores. A significant positive correlation was found between the amount of clay and the volume of water unavailable to plants (pF 4.2), and a negative correlation between the amount of clay and content of water available to plants (AWC), including water readily available to plants (RAWC). The distribution of soil pores was unfavourable, and the ratio of macropores to mesopores to micropores in humic horizons was 1:2.7–5.1:1.5–5.4. The studied vertisols had low values of redox potential (Eh) and oxygen diffusion rate (ODR). The values of the Eh were above 300 mV, a threshold value for oxidised and reduced soil, only in surface horizons.
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