The accumulation of selected heavy metals in soils in the vicinity of a busy road
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UTP University of Science and Technology in Bydgoszcz. Faculty of Agriculture and Biotechnology. Department Biogeochemistry and Soil Science. 6 Bernardyńska St. 85-029 Bydgoszcz, Poland
Submission date: 2019-11-19
Acceptance date: 2020-04-16
Online publication date: 2020-06-03
Publication date: 2020-06-03
Soil Sci. Ann., 2020, 71(2), 118–124
The paper presents the results of research on the accumulation of selected heavy metals (Zn, Cu, Pb, Ni and Cr) in soils in the vicinity of a busy road in Bydgoszcz, which is the eighth-largest city in Poland. Soil samples were taken at three depths, at sample points 25, 50, 150 and 175 m at the side of Jagiellońska Street on the premises of the PKS bus station. The amounts of soil zinc, copper, lead, nickel and chromium were determined by atomic absorption spectrometry after mineralisation in a solution of HF and HClO4 acids. The total metal contents were ordered as follows: Zn > Pb > Cu > Cr>Ni. The study confirmed the impact of the traffic-heavy Jagiellońska Street on their concentrations, which decreased with distance from the road. Principal component analysis (PCA) and Pearson linear correlations analysis showed statistically significant positive relationships between the heavy metals and organic carbon. The enrichment factor (EF) confirmed that the surface horizons were significantly enriched in the tested heavy metals.
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