Evaluating the potential of capillary rise for the migration of Pt nanoparticles in Luvisols and Phaeozems (Western Siberia)
Sergey Loiko 1  
,   Alexandr Konstantinov 2  
,   Georgy Istigechev 1  
,   Elizaveta Konstantinova 3  
,   Daria Kuzmina 1,   Vladimir Ivanov 2,   Sergey Kulizhskiy 1  
More details
Hide details
BioGeoClim laboratory, National Research Tomsk State University, Russia
The Institute of Environmental and Agricultural Biology (X-BIO), University of Tyumen, Russia
Academy of Biology and Biotechnologies, Southern Federal University, Russia
Sergey Loiko   

BioGeoClim laboratory, National Research Tomsk State University, Russia
Submission date: 2020-12-19
Final revision date: 2021-04-23
Acceptance date: 2021-08-26
Online publication date: 2021-12-31
Publication date: 2021-12-31
Soil Sci. Ann., 2021, 72(3)141621
Numerous experiments with nanoparticles have recently led to a better understanding of the migration of colloids and larger particles in soils. However, it remains unclear how colloidal particles migrate in soil horizons without macropores, and whether they can move with the flow of capillary water. In this article, we tested the hypothesis that colloidal particles can be transported by water flow in capillary-sized soil pores. To test our hypothesis, column experiments with platinum nanoparticles were carried out. The columns contained undisturbed monoliths from the Luvisols and Phaeozems soil horizons in the southeast of Western Siberia. The lower part of the soil columns was immersed in a colloidal solution with platinum nanoparticles. Thus, we checked whether the nanoparticles would rise to the top of the columns. Platinum nanoparticles are a usable tracer of colloidal particle migration pathways. Due to the minimal background concentrations, platinum can be detected by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) in experimental samples. Due to their low zeta potential, nanoparticles are well transported over long distances through the pores. Our experiments made it possible to establish that the process of the transfer of nanoparticles with a flow of capillary water is possible in almost all the studied horizons. However, the transfer distances are limited to the first tens of centimeters. The number of migrating nanoparticles and the distance of their transfer increase with an increase in the minimum moisture-holding capacity and decrease with an increase in the bulk density of soil horizons and an increase in the number of direct macropores. The migration of nanoparticles in capillary pores is limited in carbonate soil horizons. The transfer of colloidal particles through soil capillaries can occur in all directions, relative to the gravity gradient. Capillary transport plays an important role in the formation of the ice composition of permafrost soils, as well as in plant nutrition.
Abakumov, E.V., Loyko, S.V., Istigechev, G.I., Kulemzina, A.I., Lashchinskiy, N.N., Andronov, E.E., Lapidus, A.L., 2020. Soils of Chernevaya taiga of western Siberia - morphology, agrochemical features, microbiome. Sel'skokhozyaistvennaya Biologiya – Agricultural Biology 55(5), 1018–1039. https://doi:10.15389/agrobiolo....
Abbas, Q., Yousaf, B., Amina Ali, M.U., Munir, M.A.M., El-Naggar, A., Rinklebe. J., Naushad, M., 2020. Transformation pathways and fate of engineered nanoparticles (ENPs) in distinct interactive environmental compartments: A review. Environment International 138, 105646. https://doi:10.1016/j.envint.2....
Adrian, Y.F., Schneidewind, U., Scott, A.B., Šimůnek, J., Klumpp, E., Azzam, R., 2019. Transport and retention of engineered silver nanoparticles in carbonate-rich sediments in the presence and absence of soil organic matter. Environmental Pollution 255(1), 113124.
Ahmed, B., Rizvi, A., Ali, K., Lee, J., Zaidi, A., Khan, M.S., Musarrat, J., 2021. Nanoparticles in the soil–plant system: a review. Environmental Chemistry Letters 19, 1545–1609.
Alex, S., Tiwari, A., 2015. Functionalized gold nanoparticles: synthesis, properties and applications – a review. Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology 15(3), 1869–1894.
Astafurova, T., Zotikova, A., Morgalev, Y., Verkhoturova, G., Postovalova, V., Kulizhskiy, S., Mikhailova, S., 2015. Effect of platinum nanoparticles on morphological parameters of spring wheat seedlings in a substrate-plant system. IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering 98(1), 012004.
Bakshi, S., He, Z.L., Harris, W.G., 2015. Natural Nanoparticles: Implications for Environment and Human Health – Critical Reviews. Environmental Science and Technology 45(8), 861–904. https://doi:10.1080/10643389.2....
Ben-Moshe, T., Dror, I., Berkowitz, B., 2010. Transport of metal oxide nanoparticles in saturated porous media. Chemosphere 81(3), 387–393.
Bollyn, J., Faes, J., Fritzsche, A., Smolders, E., 2017. Colloidal-Bound Polyphosphates and Organic Phosphates Are Bioavailable: A Nutrient Solution Study. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 65, 6762-6770.
Boxall, A., Chaudhry, Q., Sinclair, C., Jones, A., Aitken, R., Jefferson, B., Watts, C., 2007. Current and future predicted environmental exposure to engineered nanoparticles. Central Science Laboratory, York, UK.
Braun, A., Klumpp, E., Azzam, R., Neukum, C., 2015. Transport and deposition of stabilized engineered silver nanoparticles in water saturated loamy sand and silty loam. Science of The Total Environment 535, 102–112.
Bundschuh, M., Filser, J., Luderwald, S., McKee, M. S., Metreveli, G., Schaumann, G. E., Schulz, R., Wagner, S., 2018. Nanoparticles in the environment: where do we come from, where do we go to? Environmental Sciences Europe 30(36), 1–17.
Campbell, G., Reith, F., Etschmann, B., Brugger, J., Southam, G., 2015. Surface transformations of platinum grains from Fifield New South Wales, Australia. American Mineralogist 100(8), 1236–1243.
Cornelis, G., Hund-Rinke, K., Kuhlbusch, T., van den Brink, N., Nickel, C., 2014. Fate and bioavailability of engineered nanoparticles in soils: a review. Critical Reviews in Environmental Science and Technology 44, 2720–2764.
Cornelis, G., Pang, L.P., Doolette, C., Kirby, J.K., McLaughlin, M.J., 2013. Transport of silver nanoparticles in saturated columns of natural soils. Science of the Total Environment 463, 120–130.
Dror I., Yaron B., Berkowitz B., 2015. Abiotic soil changes induced by engineered nanomaterials: A critical review. Journal of Contaminant Hydrology 181, 3–16.
Gestel, C.A., Kool, P.L., Diez, Ortiz, M., 2010. Metal-based nanoparticles in soil: New research themes should not ignore old rules and theories. Comments on the paper by Hu et al. (2010) 'Toxicological effects of TiO2 and ZnO nanoparticles in soil on earthworm Eisenia fetida.' Soil Biology & Biochemistry 42, 586-591. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 42(10), 1892–1893.
Ghestem, M., Sidle, R.C., Stokes, A., 2011. The influence of plant root systems on subsurface flow: implications for slope stability. Bioscience 61(11), 869–879.
Glina, B., Jezierski, P., Kabala, C., 2013. Physical and water properties of Albeluvisols in the Silesian Lowland (SW Poland). Soil Science Annual 64 (4), 123–129.
Greenwood, N.N., Earnshaw, A., 2007. Chemistry of the Elements. Pergamon, Oxford.
Hansen, S., Heggelund, L. R., Revilla Besora, P., Mackevica, A., Boldrin, A., Baun, A., 2016. Nanoproducts – what is actually available to European consumers? Environmental Science: Nano 3, 169–180.
He, J., Wang, D., Zhou, D., 2019. Transport and retention of silver nanoparticles in soil: Effects of input concentration, particle size and surface coating. Science of the Total Environment 648, 102–108.
Hough, R.M., Noble, R., Reich, M., 2011. Natural gold nanoparticles. Ore Geology Reviews 42(1), 55–61.
Hough, R.M., Noble, R.R.P., Hitchen, G.J., Hart, R., Reddy, S.M., Saunders, M., Clode, P., Vaughan, D., Lowe, J., Gray, D.J., Anand, R.R., Butt, C.R.M., Verrall, M., 2008. Naturally occurring gold nanoparticles and nanoplates. Geology 36, 571–574.
ISO 10390:2005. Soil quality. Determination of pH, 2005.
IUSS Working Group WRB, 2015. World reference base of soil resources 2014, update 2015. International soil classification system for naming soils and creating legends for soil maps. World Soil Resources Reports no. 106. Rome: FAO.
Johnson, C.C., Demetriades, A., Locutura, J., Ottesen, R.T., 2011. Mapping the Chemical Environment of Urban Areas. John Wiley & Sons Ltd., Chichester.
Kabata-Pendias, A., 2011. Trace Elements in Soils and Plants, fourth ed. CRC Press, Boca Raton.
Kachinskiy, N.A., 1956. Die mechanische Bodenanalyse und die Klassifikation der Boden nach ihrer mechanischen Zusammansetzung. Rapports au Sixieme Congres de la Science du Sol. Part B. Paris, 321–327.
Kobierski, M., Kondratowicz-Maciejewska, K., Kociniewska, K., 2015. Soil quality assessment of Phaeozems and Luvisols from the Kujawy region (central Poland). Soil Science Annual 66(3), 111–118.
Kodešova, R., Jirku, V., Kodes, V., Muhlhanselova, M., Nikodem, A., Žigová, A., 2011. Soil structure and soil hydraulic properties of Haplic Luvisol used as arable land and grassland. Soil and Tillage Research 111(2), 154-161.
Komendova, R., 2020. Recent advances in the preconcentration and determination of platinum group metals in environmental and biological samples. TrAC Trends in Analytical Chemistry 122, 115708.
Komendová, R., Žídek, J., Berka, M., Jemelková, M., Řezáčová, V., Conte, P., Kučerík, J., 2019. Small-sized platinum nanoparticles in soil organic matter: Influence on water holding capacity, evaporation and structural rigidity. Science of The Total Environment 694, 133822.
Korshunova, V.A., Charykova, M.V., 2019. Mobile Forms of Gold and Pathfinder Elements in Surface Sediments at the Novye Peski Gold Deposit and in the Piilola Prospecting Area (Karelia Region). Minerals 9(1), 34.
Kulizhskiy, S.P., Loiko, S.V., Morgalev, Y.N., Istigechev, G.I., Rodikova, A.V., Maron, T.A., 2017. Investigation of Platinum and Nickel Nanoparticles Migration and Accumulation in Soils within the Southeastern Part of West Siberia. Nano Hybrids and Composites 13, 115–122.
Kulizhsky, S., Loyko, S., Lim, A., 2013. Pedotransfer capacity of nickel and platinum nanoparticles in Albeluvisols Haplic in the south-east of the Western Siberia. Eurasian Journal of Soil Science 2, 90–96.
Kurwadkar, S., Pugh, K., Gupta, A., Ingole, S., 2015. Nanoparticles in the environment: Occurrence, distribution, and risks. Journal of Hazardous, Toxic, and Radioactive Waste 3(04014039).
Laumann, S., Micic, V., Lowry, G.V., Hofmann, T., 2013. Carbonate minerals in porous media decrease mobility of polyacrylic acid modified zero-valent iron nanoparticles used for groundwater remediation. Environmental Pollution 179, 53–60.
Lecoanet, H.F., Bottero, J.Y., Wiesner, M.R., 2004. Laboratory assessment of the mobility of nanomaterials in porous media. Environmental Science and Technology 38(19), 5164–5169.
Lim, A.G., Loiko, S.V., Kuzmina, D.M., Krickov, I.V., Shirokova, L.S., Kulizhsky, S.P., Vorobyev, S.N., Pokrovsky, O.S., 2021. Dispersed ground ice of permafrost peatlands: Potential unaccounted carbon, nutrient and metal sources. Chemosphere 266, 128953.
Loiko, S.V., Geras’ko, L.I., Kulizhskii, S.P., Amelin, I.I, Istigechev, G.I., 2015. Soil cover patterns in the northern part of the area of aspen-fir taiga in the southeast of Western Siberia. Eurasian Soil Science 48, 359–372.
Ming, F., Chen, L., Li, D., Wei, X., 2020. Estimation of hydraulic conductivity of saturated frozen soil from the soil freezing characteristic curve. Science of the Total Environment 698, 134132.
Montalvo, D., Degryse, F., McLaughlin, M.J., 2015. Natural colloidal P and its contribution to plant P uptake. Environmental Science and Technology 49, 3427–3434.
Montaño, M.D., Lowry, G.V., Von Der Kammer, F., Blue, J., Ranville, J.F., 2014. Current status and future direction for examining engineered nanoparticles in natural systems. Environmental Chemistry 11(4), 351–366.
Nowack, B., Bucheli, T.D., 2007. Occurrence, behavior and effects of nanoparticles in the environment. Environmental Pollution 150(1), 5–22.
Perel’man, A.I., 1986. Geochemical barriers: theory and practical applications. Applied Geochemistry 1(6), 669–680.
Philippe, A., Schaumann, G.E., 2014. Interactions of dissolved organic matter with natural and engineered inorganic colloids: a review. Environmental Science and Technology 48, 8946–8962.
PLAZMA, 2015. MVI 001-ХМС-2007, FR.1.31.2007.04107. Metodika vypolneniya izmereniy massovykh doley elementov v gornykh porodakh metodom mass-spektrometrii s induktivno svyazannoy plazmoy [Technique for measuring mass fractions of elements in rocks by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry]. Tomsk: Chimiko-analiticheskiy tsentr “PLAZMA”. (in Russian).
Polyakov, V.I., Alekseev, I.I., Orlova, K.S., Abakumov, E.V., Kostecki, J., 2020. Water holding capacity of Russian Arctic soils (Lena river delta and Yamal Peninsula). Soil Science Annual 71 (1), 37–46.
Qiu, E., Wan, X., Qu, M., Zheng, L., Zhong, C., Gong, F., Liu, L., 2020. Estimating Unfrozen Water Content in Frozen Soils Based on Soil Particle Distribution. Journal of Cold Regions Engineering, 34, article № 04020002.
Rajput, V. D., Minkina, T., Sushkova, S., Tsitsuashvili, V., Mandzhieva, S., Gorovtsov, A., Nevidomskyaya, D., Gromakova, N., 2018. Effect of nanoparticles on crops and soil microbial communities. Journal of Soils and Sediments 18, 2179–2187.
Rajput, V., Minkina, T., Sushkova, S., Behal, A., Maksimov, A., Blicharska, E., Ghazaryan, K., Movsesyan, H., Barsova, N., 2020. ZnO and CuO nanoparticles: a threat to soil organisms, plants, and human health. Environmental Geochemistry and Health 42, 147–158.
Rajput, V.D., Minkina, T.M., Behal, A., Sushkova, S.N., Mandzhieva, S., Singh, R., Gorovtsov, A., Tsitsuashvili, V.S., Purvis, W.O., Ghazaryan, K.A., Movsesyan, H.S., 2018a. Effects of zinc-oxide nanoparticles on soil, plants, animals and soil organisms: A review. Environmental Nanotechnology, Monitoring & Management 9, 76–84.
Reith, F., Cornelis, G., 2017. Effect of soil properties on gold- and platinum nanoparticle mobility. Chemical Geology 466, 446–453.
Reith, F., Fairbrother, L., Nolze, G., Wilhelmi, O., Clode, P.L., Gregg, A., Parsons, J.E., Wakelin, S.A., Pring, A., Hough, R., Southam, G., Brugger, J., 2010. Nanoparticle factories: biofilms hold the key to gold dispersion and nugget formation. Geology 38, 843–846.
Rodrigues, S.M., Trindade, T., Duarte, A.C., Pereira, E., Koopmans, G.F., Römkens, P.F.A.M, 2016. A framework to measure the availability of engineered nanoparticles in soils: Trends in soil tests and analytical tools. TrAC Trends in Analytical Chemistry 75, 129–140.
Rudnick, R.L., Gao, S., 2003. 3.01 – Composition of the Continental Crust. [In:] Holland, H.D., Turekian, K.K. (Eds.), Treatise on Geochemistry, Elsevier Science, 2003.
Shevchenko, V.P., Vorobyev, S.N., Krickov, I.V., Boev, A.G., Lim, A.G., Novigatsky, A.N., Starodymova, D.P., Pokrovsky, O.S., 2020. Insoluble particles in the snowpack of the Ob river basin (western Siberia) a 2800 km submeridional profile. Atmosphere 11(11), 1184.
Shrivastava, M., Srivastav, A., Gandhi, S., Rao, S., Roychoudhury, A., Kumar, A., Singhal, R.K., Jha, S.K., Singh, S.D., 2019. Monitoring of engineered nanoparticles in soil-plant system: A review. Environmental Nanotechnology, Monitoring and Management 11, 100218.
Soil Survey Staff, 2014. Soil survey field and laboratory methods manual. Soil Survey Investigations Report No. 51, Version 2.0. R. Burt and Soil Survey Staff (Eds.). U. S. Department of Agriculture, Natural Resources Conservation Service, Washington.
Southam, G., Lengke, M.F., Fairbrother, L., Reith, F., 2009. The biogeochemistry of gold. Elements 5, 303–307.
Theng, B.K., Yuan, G., 2008. Nanoparticles in the soil environment. Elements 4(6), 395–399.
Vadyunina, A.F., Korchagin, Z.A., 1986. Methods of study of the physical properties of soils. Agropromizdat, Moscow.
Vance, M.E., Kuiken, T., Vejerano, E.P., McGinnis, S.P., Hochella, M.F., Jr., Rejeski, D., Matthew, S.H., 2015. Nanotechnology in the real world: Redeveloping the nanomaterial consumer products inventory. Beilstein Journal of Nanotechnology 6, 1769–1780.
Vorobyova, L. A., 2006. Theory and practice of chemical analysis of soils. GEOS, Moscow.