Occurrence of podzolization in soils developed from flysch regolith in the Wieliczka Foothills (Outer Western Carpathians, southern Poland)
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Instytut Geografii i Gospodarki Przestrzennej, Uniwersytet Jagielloński, Polska
Łukasz Musielok   

Instytut Geografii i Gospodarki Przestrzennej, Uniwersytet Jagielloński, Gronostajowa, 7, 2.13, 30-387, Kraków, Polska
Submission date: 2021-09-03
Final revision date: 2022-01-20
Acceptance date: 2022-03-20
Online publication date: 2022-03-20
Soil Sci. Ann., 2022, 73(1)147507
Podzolization process play a key role in the conditioning of forest habitats and the storage of organic carbon in soils. In the Carpathian Foothills development of Podzols is hampered either by the properties of the loess cover or the major part of the flysch parent material. However, soils subjected to podzolization occur sporadically in this area. The aim of this study was to determine the threshold of podzolization occurrence in the flysch parent material occurring locally in the Wieliczka Foothills and to determine the spatial variability of soils on a hillslope. The results showed that shift into podzolization is primarily related to the occurrence of sand-textured parent materials with low contents of clay and iron. Secondly, differences in organic matter decomposition rates may also affected podzolization. Soils in the investigated slope transect showed catenary increase of clay and pedogenic oxides contents. The formation of accumulative soils in the lower slope positions may be related with higher pH of the parent material that affects precipitation of soil constituents from laterally translocated solution. Furthermore, the effects of lateral soil solution flux limits the area where intensive vertical podzolization occur. Thus, considering lateral podzolization is crucial for correct determination of forest habitat conditions, estimations of soil organic carbon sequestration potential as well as in soil cartography.
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