The content of available macro- and microelements against the background of enzymatic activity in soils affected by the soda industry
More details
Hide details
Department Biogeochemistry and Soil Science, UTP University of Science and Technology in Bydgoszcz,, Polska
Agata Bartkowiak   

Department Biogeochemistry and Soil Science, UTP University of Science and Technology in Bydgoszcz,, Ul. Bernardyńska 6, 85-029, Bydgoszcz, Polska
Submission date: 2020-05-29
Acceptance date: 2020-08-05
Online publication date: 2020-09-09
Publication date: 2020-09-09
Soil Sci. Ann., 2020, 71(3), 215–220
Salinity is one of the main causes of degradation in the soil environment. The long-term salinity affects the properties physicochemical and activity of the biological parameters in soil considerably. The aim in the study was to assess the content of selected macro- and microelements and enzymatic properties in soils in areas adjacent to the soda plant. The research was conducted in the area adjacent to the CIECH Soda Polska S.A. in Inowrocław. This study presents an assessment of the content of selected bioavailable macroelements (P, K, Mg) and microelements (Zn, Cu, Mn, Fe) against the background of the enzymatic activity (dehydrogenases, catalase, peroxidase, and alkaline and acid phosphatase) of soil. The soil was sampled from surface mineral horizon (0-30 cm deep). Seven sites were selected for soil sampling (S1–S6 on the grounds of a soda plant, and area C – the control). The effect of long-term salinity on the studied soil properties was found. The content of available macro- and micronutrients varied significantly depending on the soil sampling site. The presented results did not show unidirectional changes in the content of available P, K, Mg, Zn, Cu, Mn and Fe, nor in the activity of dehydrogenases, catalase, peroxidase, or alkaline and acid phosphatases in the technogenic soil. In the analysed soil samples, contents of the bioavailable forms of all the tested microelements were found to be low. The activity of the tested enzymes was found to be lowest in soil from S6 (in the vicinity of waste dumping sites, a sewage treatment plant and the soda plant).
Bartha, R., Bordeleau, L., 1969. Cell-free peroxidases in soil. Soil Biology Biochemistry 1(2), 139–143. http://doi.org/101016/0038-071....
Bartkowiak, A., Dąbkowska-Naskręt, H., Jaworska, H., Rydlewska, M., 2020. Effect of salinity on the mobility of trace metals in soils near a soda chemical factory. Journal Elementology 25(2), 501–512. http://doi.org/10.5601/jelem.2....
Choudhary, O.P., Yaduvanshi, N.P.S., 2016. Nutrient management in salt-affected soils. Indian Journal Fertilisers 12 (12), 20-35.
Cieśla, W., Dąbkowska-Naskręt, H., Siuda, W., 1981. Soil salinity state in the vicinity of the Inowrocław Soda Plant at Mątwy. Roczniki Gleboznawcze - Soil Science Annual 32(2), 103–113. (in Polish).
Crescimanno, G., Lovino, M., Provenzano, G., 1995. Influence of salinity and sodicity on soil structural and hydraulic characteristics. Soil Science Society of America Journal 59, 1701–1708. https://doi.org/10.2136/sssaj1....
Daliakopoulos, I.N., Tsanis, I.K., Koutroulis, A., Kourgialas, N.N., Varouchakis, A.E., Karatzas, G.P., Ritsema, C.J, 2016. The threat of soil salinity: a European scale review. Science Total Environment 573, 727–739. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scit....
Hulisz, P., Piernik, A., 2013. Soils affected by soda industry in Inowrocław. In: Charzyński P., Hulisz P., Bednarek R. (eds.). Technogenic soils of Poland. Polish Society of Soil Science, Toruń: 125–140 (2007) Selected aspects research of salt-affected soils in Poland. SOP, Toruń, 40.
Hulisz, P., Pindral, S., Kobierski, M., Charzyński, P., 2018. Technogenic layers in organic soils as a result of the impact of the soda industry. Eurasian Soil Science 51(10), 1133–1141. http://doi.org/10.1134/S106422....
Jackson, M.L., 1958. Soil chemical analysis (Constable, London).
Johnson, J.I., Temple, K.l., 1964. Some variables affecting the measurements of catalase activity in soil. Soil Science Society America Journal 28(2), 207–209. http://doi.org/10.2136/sssaj19....
Khatar, M., Mohammed, M., Shekari, F., 2017. Some physiological responses of wheat and bean to soil salinity at low matric suctions. International Agrophysics 31(1), 83–91. https://doi.org/10.1515/intag-....
Lemanowicz, J., 2019. Activity of selected enzymes as markers of ecotoxicity in technogenic salinization soils. Environmental Science Pollution Research 26, 13014–13024. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356....
Lindsay, W.L., Norvell, W.A., 1978. Development of a DTPA soil test for zinc, iron, manganese, copper. Soil Science Society of America Journal 4, 421–428. https://doi.org/10.2136/sssaj1....
Łukasiewicz, Sz., 2012. The physical structure of the land, organic substances content, and the chemical composition of soil comprising the subsoil of 21 urban greenery locations in the territory of Poznań. Part IV. Content of microelements: Cl, Fe, Mn, Zn, Cu, B and Na Pb, Cd. The “EC” salinity index. Physiographic Research 63, 49–75. https://doi.org/10.2478/v10116....
Moraghan, J.T., Mascagni, H.J., 1991. Environmental and soil factors affecting micronutrient deficiencies and toxicities. In: Micronutrient in agriculture J.J. Mortvedt (eds.), 371–411.
Pan, C., Liu, C., Zhao, H., Wang, Y. 2013. Changes of soil physico-chemical properties and enzyme activities in relation to grassland salinization. European Journal Soil Biology 55, 13–19. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ejso....
Piernik, A., Hulisz, P., 2011. Soil-plant relations in inland natural and anthropogenic saline habitats. In: Muscolo A., Flowers T. J. (eds.) Proceedings of the European COST action FA0901. European Journal Plant Science Biotechnology 5, 37-43.
PN-ISO 10390, 1997. Chemical and Agricultural Analysis – Determining soil pH. Polish Standards Committee, Warszawa.
PN-R-04020, 1994. Chemical and Agricultural Analysis. Determination of the content available magnesium. Polish Standards Committee, Warszawa.
PN-R-04022, 1996. Chemical and Agricultural Analysis – Deter¬mination of the content available potasium in mineral soils. Polish Standards Committee, Warszawa.
PN-R-04023, 1996. Chemical and Agricultural Analysis – Deter¬mination of the content of available phosphorus in mineral soils. Polish Standards Committee, Warszawa.
Polish Soil Classification 6th edition 2019. Polish Soil Society, Committee on Genesis, Classification and Soil Cartography, UWP Wrocław Warszawa.
Sims, J., Johnson, G., 1991. Micronutrient soil tests. In: Micronutrients in Agriculture (eds.) Mortverdt J., Cox F., Shuman L., Welch R. Soil Science Society America Journal, Madison. Wl., 427-476.
Soil Survey Laboratory Methods Manual. 1996. Soil Survey Investigation Report. USA. 42.
Tabatabai, M.A., Bremner, J.M., 1969. Use of p–nitrophenol phosphate for assay of soil phosphatase activity. Soil Biology Biochemistry 1, 301–307. https://doi.org/10.1016/0038-0....
Telesiński, A., 2012. The effect of salinity on some biochemical indices of soil fertility. Water Environmental Rural Areas 12(1), 209–217.
Thalmann, A., 1968. Zur methodic derestimung der Dehydrogenaseaktivität und Boden mittels Triphenyltetrazoliumchlorid (TTC). Landwirtsch. Forsch, 21, 249–258.
Wang, M., Zheng, Q., Shen, Q., Guo, S., 2013. The critical role of potassium in plant stress response. International Journal Molecular Sciences 14, 7370–7390. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms14....
Widłak, M., 2016. Natural indicator of soil salinity. Proceedings of ECOpole 10(1), 359–365. https://doi.org/10.2429/proc.2....
Wong, V.N.L., Greene, R.S.B., Dalal, R.C., Murph, B.W., 2010. Soil carbon dynamics in saline and sodic soils: a review. Soil Use Management 26, 2–11. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1475....
Xie, X., Pu, L., Zhu, M. Xu, Y., Wang, X., 2019. Linkage between soil salinization indicators and physicochemical properties in a long-term intensive agricultural coastal reclamation area, Eastern China. Journal Soils Sediments 19, 3699–3707. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11368....
Zhou, D., Zhulu, L., Liming, L., 2012. Regional land salinization assessment and simulation through cellular automaton-Markov modeling and spatial pattern analysis. Science Total Environment 439, 260–274. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scit....