Soil properties and nutrition status of weakened Norway Spruce stands in the Śnieżnik Massif of the Polish Eastern Sudety Mountains
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Department of Ecology and Silviculture, Faculty of Forestry, Agriculture University in Kraków, Al. 29-listopada 46, 31-425 Krakow, Poland
Submission date: 2019-06-27
Acceptance date: 2020-02-06
Online publication date: 2020-05-19
Publication date: 2020-05-19
Soil Sci. Ann., 2020, 71(1), 55-65
The process of spruce monoculture disintegration has been taking place extensively in all elevated mountainous areas in Poland since the 1980s. This process has accelerated up to a dramatic rate in the 21st century. The aim of this study was to investigate the causes of the considerable weakening of spruce stands in the Śnieżnik Massif and propose of application of fertilization. The study was carried out in the Eastern Sudety Mountains in the upper part of the Śnieżnik Massif, Lądek Zdrój Forest District where spruce stands showed symptoms of strong weakness in 2005. Soil and needles samples were collected for basic laboratory analysis. Strongly weakened spruce stands were found on poor Podzols developed from the Śnieżnik gneiss affected by a magnesium deficit. The spruce stands that did not show clear symptoms of weakening were found on Dystric Cambisols developed from mica schist, which were better supplied with magnesium. The study results indicate that the weakening of spruce stands in the Śnieżnik massif is related to the magnesium deficit and soils of strongly weakened stands require fertilization with this element.
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