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ORIGINAL PAPER
Effect of liming on cadmium immobilisation in the soil and content in spring wheat (Triticum aestivum L.)
Ala Nagiel 1,   Wiesław Szulc 1  
 
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Warsaw University of Life Sciences – SGGW, Institute of Agriculture, Department of Agricultural Chemistry, ul. Nowoursynowska 159, building no. 37, 02-776 Warszawa, Poland
Submission date: 2020-01-24
Acceptance date: 2020-04-16
Online publication date: 2020-05-19
Publication date: 2020-05-19
 
Soil Sci. Ann., 2020, 71(1), 93–96
 
KEYWORDS
ABSTRACT
The objective of the study was the determination of the efficiency of the liming process in terms of cadmium immobilisation in the soil and its uptake by spring wheat. The research was conducted on a microfield experiment established at the Experimental Station of the Institute of Agriculture in Skierniewice. The surface soil layer was contaminated with cadmium to the second degree of contamination according to Kabata-Pendias et al. (1993), i.e., 1.87 mg Cd kg-1.The soil was subject to liming with CaO (60%) at doses according to 0, 0.5, 1.5, and 2 hydrolytic acidity (Hh). In the experiment, the analysed crop was spring wheat (Mandaryn cultivar). Data showed that an increase in liming was accompanied by a decrease in the content of cadmium both in the grain and straw of wheat. The content of cadmium in wheat grain varied from 0.038 mg Cd kg-1 (2 Hh) to 0.351 mg Cd kg-1 (0 Hh). In the case of wheat straw, it ranged from 0.147 mg Cd kg-1 (2 Hh) to 0.554 mg Cd kg-1 (0 Hh). The content of cadmium in straw did not exceed the acceptable content of trace substances in fodders as stipulated in the Regulation of the Minister of Agriculture and Rural Development 2012.
 
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