Functional group diversity of soil macroarthropods in tropical rainforest areas of Bukit Pinang-Pinang Padang, Indonesia: implications for ecosystem balance
More details
Hide details
Research Center for Ecology and Ethnobiology, Research Organization for Life Sciences and Environment, National Research and Innovation Agency of Indonesia (BRIN), Indonesia
Research Center for Biomedical Research, Research Organization for Health, National Research and Innovation Agency (BRIN), Indonesia
Department of Soil Science, Faculty of Agriculture, Universitas Andalas, Indonesia
These authors had equal contribution to this work
Submission date: 2023-06-28
Final revision date: 2024-02-19
Acceptance date: 2024-03-25
Online publication date: 2024-03-25
Publication date: 2024-03-25
Corresponding author
Fenky Marsandi   

Research Center for Ecology and Ethnobiology, Research Organization for Life Sciences and Environment, National Research and Innovation Agency of Indonesia (BRIN), Jln. Raya Jakarta-Bogor KM 46, Cibinong, 16911, Bogor, Indonesia
Soil Sci. Ann., 2024, 75(1)186453
This study assessed the abundance and diversity of soil macroarthropod functional groups in various land types within tropical rainforest areas. The results showed that out of 12 identified taxa, 2,794 individuals of soil macroarthropods were found, with hymenoptera dominating each land type with a relative abundance of 69.29%. The functional grouping of soil macroarthropods consisted of herbivores, predators, parasitoids, and detritivores. The highest variation in the number of functional group types was found in predators and herbivores, with seven taxa each. The highest individual abundance was found in predators, with 210 individuals. The highest diversity and evenness index of soil macroarthropod functional groups were found in herbivores, with values of 2.729 ± 0.056 and 0.578 ± 0.011, respectively, in monoculture gardens. In contrast, predator dominance was found in land that had been cleared, with a value of 0.754 ± 0.071. The significant correlation between soil pH, N, SMC, and BD with the observed species and individual abundance reinforces the argument that differences in micro-environmental conditions in each land type significantly influence the presence of soil macroarthropod functional groups. Forests that are rich in Inceptisol provide a natural habitat for diverse predator groups, ensuring protection of their diversity. On the other hand, monoculture gardens have the potential to increase herbivore diversity, but can also pose a threat to cultivated plants. These findings help to uncover the tendency of the roles and functions of soil macroarthropods in maintaining ecosystem balance and provide important support for evaluating soil quality.
Briones, M.J.I., 2014. Soil fauna and soil functions : a jigsaw puzzle. Environment Science 2(7), 1–22.
Carbone, C., Roberts, S.C., Macdonald, D., Carbone, C., Mace, G.M., Roberts, S. C., Macdonald, D.W., 1999. Energetic constraints on the diet of terrestrial carnivores. Letters to nature 402, 286–288.
Decaens, T., Martins, M., Feijoo, A., Oszwald, J., Mathieu, J., Sartre, X.A. De, Bonilla, D., Andrea, Y., Criollo, C., Decaens, T., Martins, M., Feijoo, A., Oszwald, J., Dolédec, S., 2018. Biodiversity loss along a gradient of deforestation in Amazonian agricultural landscapes. Conservation of Biology 36(2), 1380-1391.
Farrow, R., 2016. Insects of South-Eastern Australia: An Ecological and Behavioural Guide. Australia. CSIRO Publishing, 441 pp.
Fraser, S.E.M., Dytham, C., Mayhew, P.J., 2007. Determinants of parasitoid abundance and diversity in woodland habitats. Journal Application of Ecology 44, 352-361.
Hattenschwiler, S., Tiunov, A.V, Scheu, S., 2005. Biodiversity and Litter Decomposition in Terrestrial Ecosystems. Annual Review Ecology, Evolution, & Systematic 36, 191–218.
Hermansah, 2003. Micro spatial distribution pattern of litterfall and nutrient flux in relation to soil chemical properties in a super wet tropical rain forest plot, West Sumatra. Tropics 12(2), 131–146.
Horáková, E., Pospíšilová, L., Vlček, V., Menšík, L., 2020. Changes in the soil ’ s biological and chemical properties due to the land use. Soil and Water Research 15(4), 228–236.
Balai Penelitian Tanah., 2009. Petunjuk Teknis: Analisis Kimia Tanah, Tanaman, Air, dan Pupuk. Balai Penelitian Tanah. Bogor: 246 pp.
Joly, F., Coq, S., Coulis, M., David, J., Hättenschwiler, S., Prater, I., Subke, J., 2020. Detritivore conversion of litter into faeces accelerates organic matter turnover. Communications Biology 3, 1–9.
Kwiatkowski, C., Harasim, E., 2020. Chemical Properties of Soil in Four-Field Crop Rotations under Organic and Conventional Farming Systems. Agronomy 10(1045), 1–16.
Lal, R., 2020. Soil Organic Matter and Water Retention. Agronomy Journal 112(5), 3265– 3277.
Lavelle, P., Bignell, D., Heal, W., Lepage, M., Ineson, P., Dhillion, S., 1997. Soil function in a changing world: The role of invertebrate ecosystem engineers. European Journal of Soil Biology 33(4), 159–193.
Lavelle, P., Decaëns, T., Aubert, M., Barot, S., Blouin, M., Bureau, F., Margerie, P., 2006. Soil invertebrates and ecosystem services 42, 1-15.
Leksono, A., Putri, N., Gama, Z., Yanuwiyadi, B., Zairina, A., 2019. Soil Arthropod Diversity and Composition Inhabited Various Habitats in Universitas Brawijaya Forest in Malang East Java Indonesia. Journal of Tropical Life Science 9(1), 15–22.
Letnic, M., Ripple, W.J., 2017. Large-scale responses of herbivore prey to canid predators and primary productivity. Global Ecology and Biogeography, 1–7.
Liu, Y., Fu, L., Lu, X., Yan, Y., 2022. Characteristics of Soil Nutrients and Their Ecological Stoichiometry in Different Land Use Types in the Nianchu River Basin. Land 11(1001), 1–16.
Maggiotto, G., Sabatté, L., Marina, T.I., Fueyo-sánchez, L., Ramírez, A.M., Díaz, M., Rionda, M., Domínguez, M., Perelli, R., Momo, F.R., 2019.Soil fauna community and ecosystem’s resilience : A food web approach. Acta Oecologica 99, 1-8.
Marsandi, F., Hermansah, Fajri, H., Sujarwo, W., 2023. Distribution of Soil Macroarthropods in Differently Using Land Parts of Tropical Rainforest Padang, Indonesia. Plant, Soil and Environment 69(6), 291-301.
Menta, C., Ramelli, S., 2020. Soil Health and Arthropods: From Complex System to Worthwhile Investigation. Insect 11(1), 1-21.
Pebrianti, H.D., Maryana, N., Winasa, I.W., 2016. Keanekaragaman Parasitoid Dan Artropoda Predator Pada Pertanaman Kelapa Sawit Dan Padi Sawah Di Cindali, Kabupaten Bogor. Jurnal HPT Tropika 16(2), 138–146.
Ponge, J.-F., 2003. Humus forms in terrestrial ecosystems : a framework to biodiversity. Soil Biology & Biochemistry 35, 935–945.
Quist, C. W., Putten, W.H. Van Der, Thakur, M.P., 2020. Soil predator loss alters aboveground stoichiometry in a native but not in a related range-expanding plant when exposed to periodic heat waves. Soil Biology & Biochemistry 150, 1-10.
Riutta, T., Slade, E.M., Bebber, D.P., Taylor, M.E., Malhi, Y., Riordan, P., Macdonald, D.W., Morecroft, M.D., 2012. Experimental evidence for the interacting effects of forest edge , moisture and soil macrofauna on leaf litter decomposition. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 49, 124–131.
Rizk, M., Mikhail, W., Ghallab, M., Zaki, A., Habashi, N., Iskander, A., 2017. A Review Article : The Effect of Agricultural Practices on The Abundance and Biodiversity of Soil Fauna. Egyptian Academic Journal of Biological Science A Entomology 10(7), 357–376.
Tripelhorn, C.A., Johnson, N.F., 2005. Borrors and Delongs Introduction of The Study of Insects 7th Edition. Belment: Thomson Brooks/Cole: 879 pp.
Wardle, D., Klironomos, J., Wall, D.H., 2004. Ecological Linkages Between Aboveground and Belowground Biota. Science. 304(2004), 1629–1633.
Waschke, N., Hardge, K., Hancock, C., Hilker, M., Obermaier, E., Meiners, T., 2014. Habitats as Complex Odour Environments : How Does Plant Diversity Affect Herbivore and Parasitoid Orientation ? PLoS ONE 9(1), 1–10.
Wasis, B., Winata, B., Marpaung, D.R., 2018. Impact of land and forest fire on soil fauna diversity in several land cover in Jambi Province, Indonesia. Biodiversitas 19(2), 740– 746.
Wolters, V. 2001. Biodiversity of soil animals and its function. Eurpean Journal of Soil Biology 37, 221–227.
Yan, S., Singh, A. ., Fu, S., Liao, C., Wang, S., Li, Y., Cui, Y., Hu, L., 2012. A soil fauna index for assessing soil quality. Soil Biology & Biochemistry 4, 158–155.
Yang, X., Li, T., Gan, M., Chen, M., 2021. Community characteristics and distribution patterns of soil fauna after vegetation restoration in the northern Loess Plateau. Ecological Indicators 122, 1-11. 107236.
Yeneneh, N., Elias, E., Feyisa, G.L., 2022. Assessment of the spatial variability of selected soil chemical properties using geostatistical analysis in the north-western highlands of Ethiopia. Acta Agriculturae Scandinavica, Section B. Soil & Plant Science 72(1), 1009-1019.
Journals System - logo
Scroll to top