The effect of short-term crop rotation with different proportions of sunflower on cellulolytic activity of the soil
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Faculty of Agronomy and Plant Protection/chair of Farming and Herbology named after O. M. Mozheiko, State Biotechnological University, Ukraine
Zinaida Dehtiarova   

Faculty of Agronomy and Plant Protection/chair of Farming and Herbology named after O. M. Mozheiko, State Biotechnological University, p/o Dokuchaevske, 62483, Kharkiv, Ukraine
Submission date: 2022-04-21
Final revision date: 2022-10-24
Acceptance date: 2022-10-27
Online publication date: 2022-10-27
The article presents the results of the 2020‒2021 research carried out in the experimental field of Kharkiv National Agrarian University named after V. V. Dokuchaev, located in the area of the Left Bank Forest-Steppe of Ukraine. We aimed to find out whether the cellulosolytic activity of the soil depends on the increase in the proportion of sunflower in short-term crop rotations. The climate of the region is moderately continental with insufficient and unstable level of hydration. The influence of short-term crop rotations with different sunflower saturation on the degree of cellulosolithic activity of the arable soil layer were studied. The study of the general cellulosolytic activity of the soil was carried out by the method that is based on the intensity of cellulose decomposition. Probably activity of cellulosolithic microorganisms depends not only on the weather and climatic conditions and certain agrophysical indicators of soil fertility, but also on the amount of plant remains left by the sunflower. The higher the percentage of saturation of crop rotation with sunflower is the higher is the intensity of the decomposition of the canvas. On average, over the years of research, the highest intensity of development of cellulose-destroying microorganisms (28.6%) in the arable soil layer (0‒30 cm) was in the field of five-field crop rotation, where the share of sunflower was 60%. Although clean fallow contributes to the accumulation of moisture in the soil, practically the absence of plants does not ensure its cellulosolithic activity. Research showed that fallow and sunflower have different effects on soil moisture. The crop rotation field with 20% sunflower saturation in the 0-30 cm layer of soil contained the maximum – 15.6% of moisture.
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