ORIGINAL PAPER
Characteristics of technogenic soils developed from Neogene and Quaternary sediments substrate on reclaimed sulphur and sand extraction mine sites
 
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Department of Ecology and Silviculture, Faculty of Forestry, University of Agriculture in Kraków, al. 29 Listopada 46, 31-425, Kraków, Poland
CORRESPONDING AUTHOR
Bartłomiej Woś   

Wydział Leśny, Katedra Ekologii i Hodowli Lasu, Uniwersytet Rolniczy im. Hugona Kołłątaja w Krakowie, Polska
Submission date: 2020-06-03
Final revision date: 2020-07-21
Acceptance date: 2020-08-28
Online publication date: 2020-09-17
 
 
KEYWORDS
ABSTRACT
This paper presents the diversity of Technosol properties at two post-mining sites: a reclaimed and afforested spoil heap of an opencast sulphur mine and a sandpit excavation, represented by Quaternary sands and loams, Neogene (Krakowiec) clays and mixtures of sands with clays. The investigated post-mining soils significantly differed not only in texture, but also in pH, sorption properties, and C and N content. The observed acidification and increase of C and N in the uppermost soil layers as compared to the parent material demonstrated how the organic matter that accumulates under the trees influences the soil-forming process. The acidification effect was not so clearly visible on clay soils due to their high buffer capacity. However, soils developed from Neogene clays were characterized by the highest organic carbon stock, which is associated not only with in situ accumulation, but also with geogenic carbon bitumens occurring originally in clays. Less carbon stock was observed in soils formed from mixtures of Quaternary sands and Neogene clays and from Quaternary loams and sands than in Neogene clays. The Technosols indicated progressive pedogenesis initiated by reclamation, which is mainly demonstrated by acidification and increase of C and N in the uppermost soil layers horizons compared to the parent rock.
 
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