Impact of NPK fertilization in agricultural reclamation on the transformation of Technosols in post mining area: a case study from the Konin open-pit brown coal mine, central Poland
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Department of Soil Science and Microbiology, Poznań University of Life Sciences, Polska
Department of Mathematical and Statistical Methods, Poznań University of Life Sciences, Polska
These authors had equal contribution to this work
Submission date: 2023-08-04
Final revision date: 2023-11-10
Acceptance date: 2023-12-09
Online publication date: 2023-12-09
Publication date: 2023-12-09
Corresponding author
Zbigniew Kaczmarek   

Department of Soil Science and Microbiology, Poznań University of Life Sciences, Szydłowska 50, 60-656, Poznań, Polska
Soil Sci. Ann., 2023, 74(3)176683
The study assessed the effect of long-term, diversified NPK fertilization and cereal mono-culture on the physical and water properties of post-mining Technosols. The research was carried out in 2022 at an experimental plot established in 1978. A field experiment was es-tablished on the internal heap of the Pątnów KWB Konin (Brown Coal Mine Konin). In the research area, since the beginning of the experiment to the present day, an annual cereal crop rotation has been cultivated (winter rye alternating with winter wheat). In 1988, the area was divided into three experimental sections that received different rates of NPK fertilization. The study area consisted of three plots – marked in the paper as: 0 NPK, 1 NPK, 2 NPK. In each section the morphology of three soil profiles were described. From each genetic hori-zon, samples with a disturbed and intact structure were collected. The results of the analyzes were treated as repetitions and statistically processed. The collected material was used to analyze the basic physical, water and chemical soil properties. The tested soils were classi-fied as Spolic Technosols (Pantocalcaric, Katodensic, Pantoloamic, Ochric). Mineral fertili-zation improved the physical and water properties in the surface horizons, but no effect was observed on subsoil properties. Fertilization with a single NPK application was found to be effective and additional applications were considered superfluous.
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