Chemical properties of Technosols in post-mining areas of the Konin–Turek lignite basin in Poland
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Department of Soil Science and Land Reclamation, University of Life Science in Poznan, ul. Wojska Polskiego 28, 60-637, Poznań, Polska
Natalia Tatuśko-Krygier   

Department of Soil Science and Land Reclamation, University of Life Science in Poznan, ul. Wojska Polskiego 28, 60-637, Poznań, Polska
Submission date: 2020-06-09
Final revision date: 2020-07-29
Acceptance date: 2020-08-07
Online publication date: 2020-09-15
Lignite is still one of the main energy sources in many country. Its opencast exploitation causes a lot of changes in the environment. After mining activities are created new and enduring relief forms such as internal and external dumping ground. The dumps consist of rocks conglomerate lying above the exploited mineral. As a result of reclamation, soil develops of this specific material. The aim of this study was to assess chemical properties of soils developing in post-mining areas of the lignite basin in the Wielkopolska region. The study included analyses of the effect of alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.) grown with orchard grass (Dactylis glomerata L.) on chemical properties of soils in 3 mineral fertilisation variants (0NPK - control, 1NPK and 2NPK). The experiments showed that the analysed soils retained the alkaline reaction, calcium carbonate and available magnesium contents as well as CEC from the parent material. The analyses confirmed a significant effect of both Medicago sativa L. and mineral fertilisation on chemical properties of tested soils. Cultivation of Medicago sativa L. (in the 0NPK variant) caused a statistically significant increase in SOC, TN and CEC in the Ap topsoil horizons. Mineral fertilisation additionally enhanced the accumulation of SOC, TN, P2O5 and K2O as well as an increase in CEC value. It needs to be stressed that irrespective of the adopted fertilisation level the investigated soils were characterised by higher SOC, TN, CEC and available Mg contents compared to means values of these parameters reported in arable mineral soils in Poland.
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