Ecotoxicological state and pollution status of alluvial soils of St. Petersburg, Russian Federation
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Department of Applied Ecology, Faculty of Biology, Saint-Petersburg State University, 16th Liniya 29, Vasilyevskiy Island, Saint-Petersburg, 199178, Russian Federation
University of Zielona Góra, Institute of Environmental Engineering, 15 Prof. Z. Szafrana St., 65-516 Zielona Góra, Poland
Jakub Kostecki   

Institute of Environmental Engineering, University of Zielona Gora, 15 Prof. Z. Szafrana, 65-516, Zielona Gora, Polska
Submission date: 2020-06-03
Final revision date: 2020-07-20
Acceptance date: 2020-09-01
Online publication date: 2020-09-17
Publication date: 2020-09-17
Soil Sci. Ann., 2020, 71(3), 221–235
According to the main chemical indicators, the soils of the city differ significantly from their natural analogue. A significant part of the territory of cities is affected by negative processes that affect the ecological functions of soils. Due to the intensification of the anthropogenic impact, surface air pollution increases, soil profiles are disturbed, acidity and alkalinity change, and the biodiversity of soil microflora is reduced. This paper presents the results of a study of alluvial urban soils of parks and the industrial zone located in Saint Petersburg in Russia. A morphological description and the basic physical parameters of soils are determined. The content of priority toxicants (heavy metals, benzo[a]pyrene, petroleum products) was conducted, as well as an epidemiological study of soils for the presence of pathogenic organisms. The data obtained show that heavy metals accumulate in alluvial soils, about 35% of the studied soils exceeded permissible concentrations. The content of PAHs in soils also exceeded up to 34 of the maximum permissible concentration. We observe differences in the sanitary and hygienic conditions of alluvial territories specially designated for recreational area. According to the results of microbiological studies, pathogenic organisms are present in soils, but their content varies within acceptable limits of Russian Federation.
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