Development of soil organic carbon pools after vineyard abandonment
Department of Landscape Protection and Environmental Geography, University of Debrecen, Hungary
Landesbetrieb, Geological Survey Nordrhein-Westfalen, Germany
Department of Soil Science, Carl von Ossietzky University Oldenburg, Institute of Biology and Environmental Sciences, Germany
Tibor József Novák   

Department of Landscape Protection and Environmental Geography, University of Debrecen, Egyetem tér 1., 4032, Debrecen, Hungary
Data nadesłania: 25-08-2020
Data akceptacji: 22-09-2020
Data publikacji online: 15-10-2020
Data publikacji: 15-10-2020
Soil Sci. Ann., 2020, 71(3), 236–245
Abandoned vineyard soils show quick recharge of soil organic carbon (SOC) stocks after cancellation of cultivation. In the study abandoned vineyards with six different age classes concerning the duration of postagricultural development, organized along two lines in different exposures on slope (one S and one SW exposed chronosequence) were selected. Involving an additional recently cultivated vineyard location, totally 13 sites were sampled for topsoil characteristics. In each bulk soil sample density fractions, hot water extraction, and microbial samples were separated. Accordingly the C and N content and C/N ratio of free particulate organic matter (FPOM), occluded particulate organic matter (OPOM), clay-, silt- and sand sized microaggregates, hot water soluble organic matter, and microbial biomass of were measured and discussed in the study. We found that labile, active carbon pool (FPOM) have relatively low share of the TOC (in average 11.6% in S and 4.6% in SW sequence) and showed no increase with the time since the cancellation of cultivation. Also this pool has generally higher C/N ratio (20.6±3.7), as more stable pools (OPOM: 19.2±9.6; clay fraction: 9.2±1.2). Highest part of TOC is stored in clay-sized microaggregates fraction (in average 37.2% in S and 41.5% SW sequence) and its amount correlates significantly with the time since the cancellation of cultivation. By comparison, in recently cultivated soil lower share of C in clay sized microaggregates and (24.0% of TOC) and higher share of labile, FPOM (26.6% of TOC) was found. C-pools in mMicrobial and hot water extractable C forms showed significant changes with the time. Based on, and exposure, and cultivation also proved differentce compared the cultivated site, anyway, their contribution to TOC are low.
Ahmed, M., Oades, J.M, 1984. Distribution of organic matter and adenosine triphosphate after fractionation of soils by physical procedures. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 16, 465–470.
Balassa, I., 1975. Phylloxera in Tokaj-Hegyalja . [In:] Szabadfalvi J. (Ed.),Yearbook of Hermann Ottó Museum. Miskolc, 13–15, 305–335. (in Hungarian).
Balassa, I., 1991. Tokaj-Hegyalja szőlője és bora.Vineyards and wines of Tokaj-Hegyalja. Tokaj-Hegyaljai ÁG. Borkombinát. Tokaj, 752. (in Hungarian).
Blume, H-P., Stahr, K., Leinweber, P., 2011. Bodenkundliches Praktikum. Spektrum Akademischer Verlag, Heidelberg.
Boros, L., 2008. Development and types of uncultivated land in Tokaj-Hegyalja wine region . Földrajzi Közlemények, 132(2), 145–156. (in Hungarian).
Chaney, R.C., Slonim, S.M., Slonim, S.S., 1982. Determination of Calcium Carbonate Content in Soils. [In:] Chaney, R.C., Demars, K.R. (Eds.), Geotechnical properties, behavior, and performance of calcareous soils. American Society for Testing and Materials, Philadelphia-Baltimore, 3–16.
Christensen, B.T., 2002. Physical fractionation of soil and structural and functional complexity in organic matter turnover. Eurasian Journal of Soil Science 52, 345–353.
Coneição, P.C., Dieckow, J. Bayer, C., 2013. Combined role of no-tillage and cropping system in soil carbon stocks and stabilization. Soil & Tillage Research 129, 40–47.
Dilly, O., Blume, H.P., 1998. Indicators to assess sustainable land use with reference to soil microbiology. Advances in GeoEcology 31, 29–36.
Dövényi, Z., 2010. Magyarország kistájainak katasztere.(Cadastre of hungarian geographical microregions). MTA Földrajztudományi Kutatóintézet, Budapest. (in Hungarian).
Floote, R.L., Grogan, P., 2010. Soil carbon accumulation during temperate forest succession on abandoned low productivity agricultural lands. Ecosystems 13, 795–812.
Füleky, G., Kertész, Á., Madarász, B., Fehér, O., 2004. Soils developed in volcanic material in Hungary, [In:] Óskarsson, H., Arnalds, Ó. (Eds.), Volcanic Soil Resources in Europe. Agricultural Research Institute, Reykjavík, 63–64.
Füleky, G., Jakab, S., Fehér, O., Madarász, B., Kertész, Á., 2007. Hungary and the Carpathian Basin. [In:] Arnalds, O., Bartoli, F., Buurman, P., Oskarsson, H., Stoops, G., García-Rodeja, E. (Eds.), Soils of Volcanic Regions in Europe. Springer Verlag, Berlin Heidelberg, 29–42.
Jastrow, J.D., 1996. Soil aggregate formation and the accrual of particulate and mineralassociated organic matter. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 28, 665–676.
John, B., Yamashita, T., Ludwig, B., Flessa, H., 2005. Storage of organic carbon in aggregate and density fractions of silty soils under different types of land use. Geoderma 128, 63–79.
Justyák, J., 1981. Characteristics of micro- and mezo climate of Tokaj-Hegyalja. [In:] Brezovcsik, L. 1981 (Ed.), Geoökológiai viszonyok néhány sajátossága Tokajhegyalján, Pusztai B. Tarcal, 13–42. (in Hungarian).
Kalinina, O., Goryachkin, S.V., Karavaeva, N.A., Lyuri, D.I., Najdenko, L., Giani, L., 2009. Self-restoration of post-agrogenic sandy soils in the southern taiga of Russia: Soil development, nutrient status, and carbon dynamics. Geoderma 152, 35–42.
Kalinina, O., Goryachkin S.V., Karavaeva N.A., Lyuri D.I., Giani L., 2010. Dynamics of carbon pools in post-agrogenic sandy soils of southern taiga of Russia. Carbon Balance and Management 5(1).
Kalinina, O., Krause, S-E., Goryachkin, S.V., Karavaeva, N.A., Lyuri, D.I., Giani, L., 2011. Self-restoration of post-agrogenic chernozems of Russia: Soil development, carbon stocks, and dynamics of carbon pools. Geoderma 162, 196–206.
Kalinina, O., Barmin, A.N., Chertov, O., Dolgikh, A.V., Goryachkin, S.V., Lyuri, D.I., Giani, L., 2014. Self-restoration of post-agrogenic soils of Calcisol - Solonetz complex: Soil development, carbon stocks and dynamics of carbon pools. Geoderma 237–238, 117–128.
Kalinina,O., Goryachkin, S.V., Lyuri, D.I., Giani, L., 2015. Post-agrogenic development of vegetation, soils, and carbon stocks under self-restoration in different climatic zones of European Russia. Catena 129, 18–29.
Kerényi, A., 1994. Loess erosion on the Tokaj Big-Hill. Quaternary International 24, 47–52.
Koulouri, M., Giourga, C., 2007. Land abandonment and slope gradient as key factors of soil erosion in Mediterranean terraced lands. Catena 69(3), 274–281.
Leeschen, J.P., Cammeraat, L.H., Kooijman, A.M., van Wesemael, B., 2008. Development of spatial heterogeneity in vegetation and soil properties after land abandonment in a semi-arid ecosystem. Journal of Arid Environments 72(11), 2082–2092.
Leifeld, J., Kögel-Knabner, I., 2005. Soil organic matter fractions as early indicators for carbon stock changes under different land-use? Geoderma 124, 143-155.
Madarász, B., Németh, T., Jakab, G., Szalai, Z., 2013. The erubáz volcanic soil of Hungary: Mineralogy and classification. Catena 107, 46–56.
McLauchlan, K., 2006. The nature and longevity of agricultural impacts on soil carbon and nutrients: a review. Ecosystems 9, 1364–1382.
Novák, T.J. , Incze, J., Spohn, M., Glina, B., Giani, L., 2014. Soil and vegetation transformation in abandoned vineyards of the Tokaj Nagy-Hill. Catena 123: 88–98.
Nyizsalovszki, R., Fórián T., 2007. Human impact on the Landscape in the Tokaj Foothill Region, Hungary. Geografia Fisica e Dinamica Quaternaria 30, 219–224.
Pansu, M.,Gatheyrou, J. 2006. Handbook of soil analysis, Springer Verlag, Berlin-Heidelberg, 35–42.
Pécskay, Z., Lexa, J., Szakács, A., Balogh, K., Seghedi, I., Konečny, V., Kovács, M., Márton, E., Kaličak, M., Széky-Fux, V., Póka, T., Gyarmati,P., Edelstein, O., Rosu, E., Žec, B., 1995. Space and time distribution of Neogene–Quaternary volcanism in the Carpatho-Pannonian region. Acta Vulcanologica 7(2), 15–28.
Poeplau, C., Don, A., 2013. Sensitivity of soil organic carbon stocks and fractions to different land-use changes across Europe. Geoderma 192, 189–201.
Ponomareva, V.V., Plotnikova, T.A., 1980. Gumus i Pochvoobrazovanie (Humus and Pedogenesis), Nauka, Leningrad. 65–74.
Rózsa, P., Szöőr, G., Elekes, Z., Gratuze, B., Uzonyi, I, Kiss, Á.Z., 2006. Comparative geochemical studies of obsidian samples from various localities. Acta geologica Hungarica 49(1), 73–87.
Rózsa, P., 2007. Attempts at qualitative and quantitative assessment of human impact on the landscape. Geografia Fisica e Dinamica Quaternaria 30(2), 233-238.
Schmidt, M.W.I., Rumpel, C., Kögel-Knabner, I., 1999. Evaluation of an ultrasonic dispersion procedure to isolate primary organomineral complexes from soils. European Journal of Soil Science 50, 87–94.
Sendtko, A., 1999. Succession of xerothermic vegetation in abandoned vineyards of the Tokaj region (northeastern Hungary): Studies in phytosociology and population biology. Phytocoenologia 29, 345–448.
Six, J., Elliott, E.T., Paustian, K., Doran, J.W., 1998. Aggregation and soil organic matter accumulation in cultivated and native grassland soils. Soil ScienceSociety ofAmerica Journal 65, 1367–1377.
Spohn, M., Novák, T.J., Incze, J., Giani, L., 2015. Dynamics of soil carbon, nitrogen, and phosphorus in calcareous soils after land-use abandonment – A chronosequence study. Plant and Soil 401(1),185–196.
Stefanovits, P., Filep, G., Füleky, G., 1999. Talajtan (Pedology). Mezőgazda Kiadó, Budapest. (in Hungarian).
Steffens, M., Kölbl, A., Kögel-Knabner, I., 2009. Alteration of soil organic matter pools and aggregations in semiarid steppe topsoils as driven by OM input. European Journal of Soil Science 60(2), 198–212.
Vance, E.D., Brookes P.C., Jenkinson, D.S., 1987. An extraction method for measuring soils microbial biomass-C. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 19, 703–707.
VDLUFA – (Verband Deutscher Landwirtschaftlicher Untersuchungs- und Forschungsanstalten e.V.) Methodenbuch 2004. A.4.3.2. Heisswasserextrahierbarer Kohlenstoff und Stickstoff. 4th edition, Darmstadt. ISBN 978-3-941273-30-5.  .