Evaluation of the effects of short-term amendment with olive mill pomace on some soil properties
Laboratory of Biotechnology, Water, Environment and Health, University of Abbes Laghrour, Khenchela, Algeria, university Abbe sLaghrour Khenchela, Algeria
Department of Physical, Earth and Environmental Sciences, University of Siena, via Mattioli, 4, 53100 Siena, Italy
Department of Ecology, SNV Faculty, Abbes Laghrour University, Khenchela, Algeria
Laboratory of Plant Biology and Environnement, Faculty of Sciences, University Badji Mokhtar-Annaba, BP12, 23000 Annaba, Algeria
Biology, Laboratory of Bioactive Molecules and Applications, Larbi T´ebessi University, Tebessa 12. 000,, Algeria
Nawal Mekersi   

Laboratory of Biotechnology, Water, Environment and Health, University of Abbes Laghrour, Khenchela, Algeria, university Abbe sLaghrour Khenchela, Algeria
Data nadesłania: 30-01-2022
Data ostatniej rewizji: 24-04-2022
Data akceptacji: 27-05-2022
Data publikacji online: 27-05-2022
The extraction of olive oil produces an enormous quantity of waste, such as olive mill wastewater (OMWW) and olive mill pomace (OMP), The majority of the agricultural wastes, including olive oil mill waste, are used as soil amendments due to their high nutritional value. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of the amendment with olive mill pomace from a 3-phase cold-pressed system on the characteristics of the soil pH, electrical conductivity (EC), and organic matter content (OM). The experiment was carried out using increasing rates of olive mill pomace (12.5%, 25%, 50%, 75%, and 100% w/w) plus the control untreated soil in microcosms under laboratory conditions. The results showed that the treatment of soil with olive mill pomace has a significant effect on soil properties (pH, EC, OM, OC, and CaCO3) soil pH was decreased under OMP treatment, especially with high doses of PR4 and PR5, and the electrical conductivity of the soil (EC) was increased, as well as soil carbonate content. Moreover, the soil organic matter content and soil organic carbon content were highly increased under the treatment with OMP. As a result, we can consider the olive mill pomace as a soil fertilizer. Pretreatment of olive mill pomace to reduce acidic pH and salt content before use as a soil amendment is also recommended.
Abu-Rumman, G. 2016. Research Article Effect of Olive Mill Solid Waste on Soil Physical Properties-International Journal of Soil Science 16-4978.
Ameziane, H., Nounah, A., Khamar, M., Zouahri, A. 2019. Use of olive pomace as an amendment to improve physico-chemical parameters of soil fertility. Agronomy Research 17, 2158–2171.
Aranda, V., Calero, J., Plaza, I., Ontiveros-Ortega, A. 2016. Long-term effects of olive mill pomace co-compost on wettability and soil quality in olive groves. Geoderma 267, 185–195.
Aranda, V., Macci, C., Peruzzi, E., Masciandaro, G. 2015. Biochemical activity and chemical-structural properties of soil organic matter after 17 years of amendments with olive-mill pomace co-compost. Journal of Eenvironmental Mmanagement 147, 278-285.
Aubert, G., 1978. M´ethodes d'analyses des sols. Centre national de documentation p´edagogique. Centre r´egional de documentation p´edagogique, Marseille (in French).
Aviani, I., Laor, Y., Medina, S., Krassnovsky, A., Raviv, M. 2010. Co-composting of solid and liquid olive mill wastes: management aspects and the horticultural value of the resulting composts. Bioresource Technology 101(17), 6699-6706.
Ben Rouina, B., Gargouri, Ben Rouina, B., Gargouri, K., Abichou, M., Rhouma, A., Magdich, S., Jilani, S. 2014. L'épandage des margines sur les terres agricoles: résultats et gestion pratique. 7 èmes Journées Méditerranéennes de l’Olivier. Meknès Morocco 21-23. (in French).
Bouknana, D., Hammouti, B., Messali, M., Aouniti, A., Sbaa, M., 2014. Olive pomace extract (OPE) as corrosion inhibitor for steel in HCl medium. Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Disease. Asian Pacific Journal of tropical Disease 4, S963-S9741963–S974.
Chartzoulakis, K., Psarras, G., Moutsopoulou, M., Stefanoudaki, E. 2010. Application of olive mill wastewater to a Cretan olive orchard: effects on soil properties, plant performance and the environment. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Eenvironment 138(3-4), 293-298.
Chatzistathis, T., Koutsos, T. 2017. Olive mill wastewater as a source of organic matter, water and nutrients for restoration of degraded soils and for crops managed with sustainable systems. Agricultural Water Management 190, 55-64.
de la Fuente, C., Clemente, R., Martínez-Alcalá, I., Tortosa, G., Bernal, M. P. 2011. Impact of fresh and composted solid olive husk and their water-soluble fractions on soil heavy metal fractionation; microbial biomass and plant uptake. Journal of Hazardous Materials 186(2-3), 1283-1289.
García-Ruiz, R., Ochoa, M., Hinojosa, M. B., Gómez-Muñoz, B. 2012. Improved soil quality after 16 years of olive mill pomace application in olive oil groves. Agronomy for sustainable development 32 (3), 803-810.
Gómez-Muñoz, B., Bol, R., Hatch, D., García-Ruiz, R. 2011. Carbon mineralization and distribution of nutrients within different particle-size fractions of commercially produced olive mill pomace. Bioresource Technology 102 (21), 9997-10005.
Innangi, M., Niro, E., D’Ascoli, R., Danise, T., Proietti, P., Nasini, L., ... Fioretto, A. 2017. Effects of olive pomace amendment on soil enzyme activities. Applied Soil Ecology 119, 242-249.
López-Piñeiro, A., Murillo, S., Barreto, C., Muñoz, A., Rato, J. M., Albarrán, A.,García, A. 2007. Changes in organic matter and residual effect of amendment with two-phase olive-mill waste on degraded agricultural soils. Science of the Total Environment 378(1-2), 84-89.
Lozano-García, B., Parras-Alcántara, L., De Albornoz, M. D. T. C. 2011. Effects of oil mill wastes on surface soil properties, runoff and soil losses in traditional olive groves in southern Spain. Catena 85(3), 187-193.
Mathieu, C., Pieltain, F., Jeanroy, E., 2003. Analyse chimique des sols: M´ethodes choisies. Technique et Documentation, Paris, p. 374. (in French).
Medjahdi, N., Djabeur, A., Kaid-Harche, M., 2014. Effect of three types of composts of olive oil by products on growth and yield of hard wheat Triticum durum Desf. African Journal of Biotechnology 13, 4685–4693.
Meftah, O., Guergueb, Z., Braham, M., Sayadi, S., Mekki, A. 2019. Long term effects of olive mill wastewaters application on soil properties and phenolic compounds migration under arid climate. Agricultural Water Management 212, 119-125.
Mekersi, N., Kadi, K., Casini, S., Addad, D., Bazri, K.E., Marref, S.E., Lekmine, S., Amari, A., 2021. Effects of single and combined olive mill wastewater and olive mill pomace on the growth, reproduction, and survival of two earthworm species (Aporrectodea trapezoides, Eisenia fetida). Applied Soil Ecology 168, 104123.
Mekki, A., Dhouib, A., Sayadi, S. 2013. Effects of olive mill wastewater application on soil properties and plants growth. International Journal of Recycling of Organic Waste in Agriculture 2(1) , 1-7.
Morillo, J. A., Antizar-Ladislao, B., Monteoliva-Sánchez, M., Ramos-Cormenzana, A., Russell, N. J. 2009. Bioremediation and biovalorisation of olive-mill wastes. Applied microbiology and biotechnology 82(1), 25-39.
Obaid, R., Abu-Qaoud, H., Arafeh, R. 2014. Molecular characterization of three common olive (Olea europaea L.) cultivars in Palestine, using simple sequence repeat (SSR) markers. Biotechnology & Biotechnological Equipment 28(5), 813-817.
Regni, L., Nasini, L., Ilarioni, L., Brunori, A., Massaccesi, L., Agnelli, A., Proietti, P. 2017. Long term amendment with fresh and composted solid olive mill waste on olive grove affects carbon sequestration by prunings, fruits, and soil. Frontiers in Plant Science 7, 2042.
Rodier, J., Bazin, C., Broutin, J. P., Chambon, P., Champsaur, H., Rodi, L. 2009. Water analysis, 9th edit. Dunod, Paris, France, 1579.
Walkley, A., Black, I. A. 1934. An examination of the Degtjareff method for determining soil organic matter, and a proposed modification of the chromic acid titration method. Soil science 37(1), 29-38.