Collector-drainage water reuse for crop irrigation: Experiment on saline lands of southern Kazakhstan
Faculty of Water, Land and Forest Resources, Kazakh National Agrarian Research University, Kazakhstan
Department of Geography, Land management and Cadastre, Al-Farabi Kazakh National University, Kazakhstan
Department of Water resources, land use and agricultural technology, M. Auezov South Kazakhstan University, Kazakhstan
Republican state institution «South-Kazakhstan Hydrogeological and Reclamation Expedition», Kazakhstan
Space Technology and Remote Sensing Center, Al-Farabi Kazakh National University, Kazakhstan
Faculty of Geography and Environmental Sciences, Department of Cartography and Geoinformatics, Al-Farabi Kazakh National University, Kazakhstan
Department of Geography, South Kazakhstan State Pedagogical University, Department of Geography, Kazakhstan
Data nadesłania: 21-06-2023
Data ostatniej rewizji: 05-03-2024
Data akceptacji: 26-04-2024
Data publikacji online: 26-04-2024
Data publikacji: 26-04-2024
Autor do korespondencji
Aigul Tokbergenova   

Department of Geography, Land management and Cadastre, Al-Farabi Kazakh National University, 71, al-Farabi Avenue, 050040, Almaty, Kazakhstan
Soil Sci. Ann., 2024, 75(2)187978
As a consequence of global climate change and the resultant recurring periods of drought and water scarcity, the ecological status of irrigated lands in southern Kazakhstan has deteriorated. One of the largest massifs in terms of area is Myrzashol, located in the south of the Turkestan region. Field experimental studies have been conducted on this array over the past 25 years. Experimental work was carried out on saline, abandoned, old-irrigated lands of this massif. As a result of the development of secondary salinization and salinization of soils, the area of irrigated lands with varying degrees of salinity increased from 50.4 to 99.2 thousand hectares or 2 times. In all, the irrigated area under consideration contains approximately 147.0 thousand hectares of land. Of this area, 67% has varying degrees of salinity. An increase in the concentration of salts in the soil not only reduces crop yields, but also disrupts the soil structure and porosity. This, in turn, negatively impacts the soil’s water permeability. As a result, the land with such soils is excluded from agricultural production due to low productivity and ineffective irrigation. This article presents the results of field studies to determine the effect of irrigation with mineralised collector-drainage water (CDW) on the yield of cotton and alfalfa using CDW with a mineralisation of 2.4 to 4.0 gram/litre (g/l). A control site was used for comparison, where these crops were irrigated using fresh irrigation water with mineralization levels of up to 0.5 g/l. Additionally, we explored the feasibility of using collected water for the irrigation of agricultural crops. Based on the findings from field experiments, it has been concluded that using CDW with sulphate-type mineralisation levels up to 4.0 g/l to irrigate cotton and salt-resistant alfalfa forage crops on saline soils can lead to production yields of 27.1 centners per hectare (hereinafter - c/hа) and 155.0 c/ha for cotton and alfalfa, respectively, without depleting valuable freshwater resources. These harvests are considered lucrative for this type of land without requiring the use of fresh water.
Anzelm, K.A., Esanbekov, M.Y., 2019. Use of collector-drainage water on irrigated lands in southern Kazakhstan as a reserve for increasing water availability. Water Management of Kazakhstan 1, 48–53.
Ashour, E., Zeidan, B., Elshemy, M., 2021. Assessment of agricultural drainage water reuse for irrigation in El-Behira Governorate, Egypt. Water Science 35, 135–153.
Bronson, K.F., Hunsaker, D.J., Mon, J., Andrade-Sanchez, P., White, J.W., Conley, M.M., Thorp, K.R., Bautista, E., Barnes, E.M., 2017. Improving Nitrogen Fertilizer Use Efficiency in Surface- and Overhead Sprinkler-Irrigated Cotton in the Desert Southwest. Soil Science Society of America Journal 81, 1401–1412.
Cui, B., Liu, R., Flowers, T.J., Song, J., 2021. Casparian bands and suberin lamellae: Key targets for breeding salt tolerant crops? Environmental and Experimental Botany 191.
Elshemy, M., 2017. Review of Technologies and Practices for Improving Agricultural Drainage Water Quality in Egypt, in: Handbook of Environmental Chemistry. pp. 1–26.
FAO, 2021. The State of the World’s Land and Water Resources for Food and Agriculture – Systems at breaking point (SOLAW 2021), The State of the World’s Land and Water Resources for Food and Agriculture – Systems at breaking point (SOLAW 2021).
Kiryushin, V.I., Ivanova, A.L., 2005. Agroecological assessment of lands, design of adaptive landscape systems of agriculture and agrotechnologies. Federal State Budgetary Scientific Institution “Rosinformagrotech.”.
Lu, J., Ma, L., Hu, T., Geng, C., Yan, S., 2022. Deficit drip irrigation based on crop evapotranspiration and precipitation forecast improves water- use efficiency and grain yield of summer maize. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture 102, 653–663.
Main diagnostic indicators of soils of mountainous and foothill territories of Kazakhstan, 1989. Kazakh State Design Institute for Land Management “Kazgiprozem,” Alma-Ata.
Ministry of Agriculture of the Republic of Kazakhstan., 2016. Rules of state monitoring and assessment of the reclamation status of irrigated lands in the Republic of Kazakhstan and the information database on the reclamation status of agricultural lands.
Ministry of Agriculture of the Republic of Kazakhstan, 1995. Systematic list and main diagnostic indicators of soils of the plain territory of the Republic of Kazakhstan. Astana.
Morote, Á., Amorós, A., Mantero, E., 2017. Critical review of desalination in Spain: A resource for the future? Geographical Research 55, 1–12.
Republican state institution “South Kazakhstan hydrogeological and reclamation expedition,” 2020a. Scientific research work for 2015-2020. Shymkent.
Republican state institution “South Kazakhstan hydrogeological and reclamation expedition,” 2020b. Scientific research work for 2015-2020. Shymkent.
Shaban, M., El Deen Y. Helal, E., El Karim, E., Ellayen, A., 2021. A comprehensive management model to maximize the benefits of agriculture drainage water reuse. Water Environment Research 93.
Tokbergenova, A.A., Zulpykharov, K.B., Kaliyeva, D.M., Essanbekov, M.Y., 2022. Assessment of the Current Soil-Reclamation State of the Soils of Myrzashol in the Kazakhstan Part (The Hungry Steppe). Polish Journal of Environmental Studies 32.
Yan, H., Hui, X., Li, M., Xu, Y., 2020. Development in sprinkler irrigation technology in China *. Irrigation and Drainage 69.
Yuan, Z.-Q., Zhang, R., Wang, B.-X., Gao, B.-Q., Ayana, G., Abera, D., Ashraf, M., Li, F.-M., 2019. Film mulch with irrigation and rainfed cultivations improves maize production and water use efficiency in Ethiopia. Annals of Applied Biology 175, 215–227.
Zhu, J., Xu, N., Siddique, K.H.M., Zhang, Z., Niu, W., 2022. Aerated drip irrigation improves water and nitrogen uptake efficiencies of tomato roots with associated changes in the antioxidant system. Scientia Horticulturae 306, 111471.
Journals System - logo
Scroll to top