Degradation of carbamazepine and triclosan in sewage sludge mixtures used for fertilizing agricultural soils
Tartu College, Tallinn University of Technology, Estonia
Institute of Chemistry, University of Tartu, Estonia
Zaznaczeni autorzy mieli równy wkład w przygotowanie tego artykułu
Data nadesłania: 12-01-2024
Data ostatniej rewizji: 28-03-2024
Data akceptacji: 01-06-2024
Data publikacji online: 01-06-2024
Data publikacji: 01-06-2024
Autor do korespondencji
Lembit Nei   

Tartu College, Tallinn University of Technology, Puiestee 78, 51008, Tartu, Estonia
Soil Sci. Ann., 2024, 75(2)189545
Global deficit of fertilizers is evident and as a result of the war in Ukraine the situation is worsening. At the same time, not all the possible major resources of nutrients have found appropriate application in agriculture, as for example sewage and its sludge, which are among the most promising sources of P, N and organic matter. Sewage sludge (SS) usage as an agricultural fertilizer has a number of limitations. Amongst them persistent organic pollutants (POPs) have a special role due to their ability to affect living organisms. Ongoing work directed to eliminating POPs present in SS is widely reported, but due to the complexity of these compounds no universal success has been achieved. In the case of several undesired residual compounds promising results have been gained using SS composting with different bulking agents. The current study was concentrated on the degradation of some widely used persistent POPs that are present in SS, namely carbamazepine (CBZ) and triclosan (TCS). Peat alone as a bulking agent widely used in the mixture with sewage sludge in Estonia is not suitable for initiating the process of composting. Additions of carbon-rich matter, as for example draff, might provide the relevant conditions needed for launching this process.
Antonkiewicz, J., Kolodziej, B., Bielinska, E.J., Poplawska, A., 2019. The possibility of using sewage sludge for energy crop cultivation exemplified by reed canary grass and giant miscanthus. Soil Science Annual 70(1), 21–33.
Bachelart, J., Hort, C., Platel, V., Moynault, L., 2020. Modelling sewage sludge composting in WWTP: influence of meteorological conditions. International Journal of Environmental Science and Development 11(12), 535−539.
Butkovskyi, A., Ni, G., Hernandez Leal, L., Rijnaarts, H. H. M., Zeeman, G., 2016. Mitigation of micropollutants for black water application in agriculture via composting of anaerobic sludge. Journal of Hazardous Materials 303, 41−47.
Dalahmeh, S.S., Thorsén, G., Jönsson, H., 2022. Open-air storage with and without composting as post-treatment methods to degrade pharmaceutical residues in anaerobically digested and dewatered sewage sludge. Science of the Total Environment 806(3), 151271.
Dao, K.-C., Tsai, Y.-P., Yang, C.-C., Chen, K.-F., 2022. Simultaneous carbamazepine and phosphate removal from a moving-bed membrane bioreactor effluent by the electrochemical process: treatment optimization by factorial design. Membranes 12(12), 1256.
Golbiak, M.S., Rutkowska, B., 2023. Evaluating potential of municipal sewage sludge for agricultural use. Soil Science Annual 74(2), 169923.
Haiba, E., Nei, L., Herodes, K., Ivask, M., Lillenberg M., 2018. On the degradation of metformin and carbamazepine residues in sewage sludge compost. Agronomy Research 16(3), 696−707.
Haiba, E., Nei, L., Ivask, M., Peda, J., Järvis, J., Lillenberg, M., Kipper, K., Herodes, K., 2016. Sewage sludge composting and fate of pharmaceutical residues - recent studies in Estonia. Agronomy Research 14(5), 1583–1600.
Haiba, E., Nei, L., Kutti, S., Lillenberg, M., Herodes, K., Ivask, M., Kipper, K., Aro, R., Laaniste, A., 2017. Degradation of diclofenac and triclosan residues in sewage sludge compost. Agronomy Research 15(2), 395−405.
Jiang, J., Hou, R., Cui, H., Liu, D., Yan, G., Fan Y., Cheng, K., Cao, Z., 2023. Occurrences of typical PPCPs during wastewater treatment and the composting of sewage sludge with micron-sized and nano-sized Fe3O4. Environmental Pollution 336, 122386.
Kicińska, A., Gucwa, J., Kosa-Burda, B., 2019. Evaluating potential for using municipal sewage sludge in the rehabilitation of ground degraded by the sodium processing industry. Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology 102(3), 399–406.
Kicińska, A., Kosa-Burda, B., Kozub, P., 2018. Utilization of a sewage sludge for rehabilitating the soils degraded by the metallurgical industry and a possible. environmental risk involved. Human and Ecological Risk Assessment 24(7), 1990–2010.
Kim, K.-R., Owens, G., Ok, Y.S, Park, W.-K., Lee, D.B. & Kwon, S.-I., 2012. Decline in extractable antibiotics in manure-based composts during composting. Waste Management 32(1), 110–116.
Kipper, K., Herodes, K., Lillenberg, M., Nei, L., Haiba, E., Litvin, S. V., 2010. Plant uptake of some pharmaceuticals commonly present in sewage sludge compost. 2nd International Conference on Chemical, Biological and Environmental Engineering, Cairo, Egypt: Proceedings 5653590, 261−264.
Kratz, S., Vogel, C., Adam, C., 2019. Agronomic performance of P recycling fertilizers and methods to predict it: a review. Nutrient Cycling in Agroecosystems 115, 1–39.
Lillenberg, M., Herodes, K., Kipper, K., Nei, L., 2010. Plant uptake of some pharmaceuticals from fertilized soils. International Conference on Environmental Science and Technology (ICEST 2010): Proceedings 161−165.
Malvar, J.L., Santos, J.L., Martín, J., Aparicio, I., Alonso, E., 2021. Occurrence of the main metabolites of the most recurrent pharmaceuticals and personal care products in Mediterranean soils. Journal of Environmental Management 278(2), 111584.
Nei, L., Kruusma, J., Ivask, M., Kuu, A., 2009. Novel approaches to bioindication of heavy metals in soils contaminated by oil shale wastes. Oil Shale 26(3), 424–431,
Osendarp, S., Verburg, G., Bhutta, Z., Black, R.E., de Pee, S., Fabrizio, C., Headey, D., Heidkamp, R., Laborde, D., Ruel, M.T., 2022. Act now before Ukraine war plunges millions into malnutrition. Nature 604(7907), 620−624.
Paltiel, O., Fedorova, G., Tadmor, G., Kleinstern G., Maor, Y., Chefetz, B., 2016. Human exposure to wastewater-derived pharmaceuticals in fresh produce: a randomized controlled trial focusing on carbamazepine. Environmental Science & Technology 50(8), 4476−4482.
Shao, Y., Yang, K., Jia, R., Tian, C., Zhu, Y., 2018. Degradation of triclosan and carbamazepine in two agricultural and garden soils with different textures amended with composted sewage sludge. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 15(11), 2557.
Santos, J.L., Martín, J., Aparicio, I., Alonso, E., 2023. Occurrence of pharmaceutically active compounds, parabens, and their main metabolites in soils amended with sludge and compost. Water Emerging Contaminants & Nanoplastics 2(11).
Thomas, A.R., Kranert, M., Philip, L., 2020. Fate and impact of pharmaceuticals and personal care products during septage co-composting using an in-vessel composter. Waste Management 109, 109−118.
Tomson, T., Battino, D., Bonizzoni, E., Craig, J., Lindhout, D., Sabers, A., Perucca, E., Vajda, F., Grp, E. S., 2011. Dose-dependent risk of malformations with antiepileptic drugs: an analysis of data from the EURAP epilepsy and pregnancy registry. The Lancet Neurology 10(7), 609−617.
Verlicchi, P., Zambello, E., 2015. Pharmaceuticals and personal care products in untreated and treated sewage sludge: Occurrence and environmental risk in the case of application on soil — A critical review. Science of the Total Environment 538, 750−767.
Wei, H., Tang, M., Xu, X., 2023. Mechanism of uptake, accumulation, transport, metabolism and phytotoxic effects of pharmaceuticals and personal care products within plants: A review. Science of the Total Environment 892, 164413.
Ying, G.G., Kookana, R.S., 2007. Triclosan in wastewaters and biosolids from Australian wastewater treatment plants. Environment International 33(2), 199–205.
Yu, B., Zheng, G., Wang, X., Wang, M., Chen, T., 2019. Biodegradation of triclosan and triclocarban in sewage sludge during composting under three ventilation strategies. Frontiers of Environmental Science & Engineering 13(3), 41.
Zheng, G., Wang, T., Niu, M., Chen, X., Liu, C., Wang, Y., Wang, M., Chen, T., 2018. Biodegradation of nonylphenol during aerobic composting of sewage sludge under two intermittent aeration treatments in a full-scale plant. Environmental Pollution 238, 783−791.
Zheng G., Yu, B., Wang, Y., Ma, C., Chen, T., 2020. Removal of triclosan during wastewater treatment process and sewage sludge composting—A case study in the middle reaches of the Yellow River. Environment International 134, 105300.
Journals System - logo
Scroll to top