PRACA ORYGINALNA
Właściwości chemiczne Technosoli na terenach pogórniczych Konińsko-Tureckiego Zagłębia Węgla Brunatnego
 
Więcej
Ukryj
1
Department of Soil Science and Land Reclamation, University of Life Science in Poznan, ul. Wojska Polskiego 28, 60-637, Poznań, Polska
AUTOR DO KORESPONDENCJI
Natalia Tatuśko-Krygier   

Department of Soil Science and Land Reclamation, University of Life Science in Poznan, ul. Wojska Polskiego 28, 60-637, Poznań, Polska
Data nadesłania: 09-06-2020
Data ostatniej rewizji: 29-07-2020
Data akceptacji: 07-08-2020
Data publikacji online: 15-09-2020
 
 
SŁOWA KLUCZOWE
STRESZCZENIE ARTYKUŁU
Węgiel brunatny jest w dalszym ciągu jednym z głównych źródeł energii w wielu krajach. Jego eksploatacja metodą odkrywkową powoduje szereg zmian w środowisku przyrodniczym. Powstają nowe i trwałe formy reliefu: zwałowiska zewnętrzne i wewnętrzne zbudowane z konglomeratu skał znajdujących się w nadkładzie eksploatowanego węgla. Ten swoisty materiał macierzysty, w procesie rekultywacji, przekształcany jest w glebę. Celem pracy była ocena właściwości chemicznych gleb rozwijających się na terenach pogórniczych węgla brunatnego w Wielkopolsce. W ramach przeprowadzonych badań przeanalizowano wpływ lucerny (Medicago sativa L.) z trawą (Dactylis glomerata L.) na kształtowanie właściwości chemicznych gleb w 3 wariantach nawożenia mineralnego (0NPK - kontrola, 1NPK i 2NPK). W wyniku przeprowadzonych badań stwierdzono, że analizowane gleby dziedziczą po materiale macierzystym zasadowy odczyn, zawartość węglanów wapnia, zawartość przyswajalnego magnezu oraz CEC. Stwierdzono istotny wpływ Medicago sativa L., jak i nawożenia mineralnego na kształtowanie właściwości chemicznych badanych gleb. Uprawa Medicago sativa L. (na kombinacji 0NPK) spowodowało istotny statystycznie wzrost SOC, TN, oraz CEC w powierzchniowych poziomach Ap. Nawożenie mineralne dodatkowo zwiększało proces akumulacji SOC, TN, P2O5, K2O oraz wzrost wartości CEC. Należy podkreślić, że niezależnie od poziomu nawożenia badane gleby były zasobniejsze w SOC, TN, CEC i przyswajalny Mg w porównaniu do średnich wartości liczbowych tych parametrów stwierdzonych w mineralnych glebach uprawnych w Polsce.
 
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